Banks are the primary institutions which deal with this kind funding and they usually have specific specialized departments dealing with this. Professionals dealing with this are normally called business bankers and are specialists in this area. They typically hold banking qualifications comprising studies such as economics and financial management and statistics. This enables them to have the technical skills needed to do the job.
However there are other financial institutions that offer this service and usually operate as niche players. You can find both private as well as public funders and they tend to have more or less similar qualification criteria. There are certain differences though because their founding premises are not the same. The private players have making profit as their main goal hence they will tend to have higher repayment rates. While public sector players tend to have a developmental agenda of helping especially small businesses and budding entrepreneurs. Therefore the latter usually charge next to nothing in interest on their loans.
Furthermore there are those that operate as parastatals aimed at helping those individuals or companies operating business within the public sector domain. These businesses may be operating within the public domain but might also have profit making as their other focus. They are usually in partnerships with government to provide services to communities that the government do not have the expertise to provide.
Funds can be used as seed money to start up a business from scratch. The money is used to take care of activities such as finding office space and buying furniture and stationary. Salaries for critical staff responsible for helping with initial operations can also come from these funds. Business cards and access cards as well as staff apparel can also be taken care of by this seed money.
Small to medium companies usually use this funding to strengthen their operations when things get tough. They can also use it to fund expansion plans that need a large investment that they might not be in a possession of at that particular moment. If the business is doing really well they might start needing bigger premises and to hire more staff.
Refurbishments and relaunching cost a lot of money that might not have been budgeted for. The funds can be used for this purpose to revitalize and strengthen the image and brand of the company. Road trips and exhibitions can be financed and accommodation for staff might need to be rented.